AHASUERUS


AHASUERUS
AHASUERUS (Heb. אֲחַשְׁוֵרוֹשׁ), king of Persia, who according to the Book of Esther ruled from India to Ethiopia (see Book of esther ; artaxerxes ). -In the Aggadah Ahasuerus generally is portrayed as vacillating, lacking in character, and easily swayed. But the positive aspects of his personality are also emphasized. He is depicted as one of the few kings in history who ruled over the entire earth (Meg. 11a; Targ. Sheni to Esth. 1:2). Before his death Nebuchadnezzar had placed all the treasures of the world he had looted in a ship, and sunk it in the Euphrates to prevent anyone finding them. God, however, had revealed their location to Cyrus when He gave orders that the Temple was to be rebuilt. Ahasuerus' great wealth derived from this treasure. But he neither succeeded in sitting on Solomon's throne nor in erecting a similar one (Midrash Abba Guryon). It was through Esther's influence that he appointed mordecai as his counselor, for she told Ahasuerus that whereas his predecessors, Nebuchadnezzar and Belshazzar, had consulted prophets, he invariably turned for advice to ordinary mortals. Ahasuerus is said to have desecrated the Temple vessels and priestly robes at the feast he made for all the provinces of his kingdom even though he knew what had happened to Belshazzar for such conduct (Meg. 11b). Other aggadot declare that his hatred of Israel exceeded Haman's but he feared he might suffer a fate similar to that of the other enemies of the Jews. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Guttmann, Mafte'aḥ; Ginzberg, Legends, index. (Joshua Gutmann)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ahasuerus — (Hebrew Name|אֲחַשְׁוֵרוֹשׁ|Aḥašveroš|ʾĂḥašwērôš, Latin: Xerxes , Persian: Khashayarshah , commonly transliterated Achashverosh) is a name used several times in the Hebrew Bible, as well as related legends and apocrypha.Equivalence of the names… …   Wikipedia

  • Ahasuerus — [ə haz΄yo͞o ir′əs, əhas΄yo͞o ir′əs] n. [Heb < OPers Xxayars̆an] Bible either of two kings of the Medes and Persians, esp. the one (often identified as Xerxes I) who was married to Esther: Esth. 1; Ezra 4:6 …   English World dictionary

  • Ahasuerus — Ahasveros (altpersisch Chšayāŗšā, hebräisch אֲחַשְׁוֵרוֹשׁ Achashverosh, aramäisch Aḫšeweruš, griechisch Ασυηρος, lateinisch Ahasuerus, Ahasverus) ist ein Name altpersischen Ursprungs. Er wird meist als Transliteration des persischen خشیارش… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ahasuerus —    There are three kings designated by this name in Scripture.    1) The father of Darius the Mede, mentioned in Dan. 9:1. This was probably the Cyaxares I. known by this name in profane history, the king of Media and the conqueror of Nineveh.… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Ahasuerus — Probably to be identified with Xerxes Ⅰ (486–465 BCE), who is mentioned by the Greek historian Herodotus. As portrayed in the book of Esther, Ahasuerus oscillated between threatening a holocaust at the instigation of Haman, followed by protection …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Ahasuerus — /euh haz yooh ear euhs, euh has , euh hazh ooh /; Seph. Heb. /ah khahsh ve rddawsh /; Ashk. Heb. /ah kheuhsh vay rddeuhsh/, n. a king of ancient Persia, known to the Greeks as Xerxes: husband of the Biblical Esther. * * * …   Universalium

  • Ahasuerus — noun a) A king of Persia, later identified with Xerxes. b) A name given to the Wandering Jew …   Wiktionary

  • Ahasuerus — n. ancient Persian King that is said to have tried to kill all of the Jews in his land after Haman incited him but reconsidered following Esther s advice (in the Book of Esther) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Ahasuerus — A•has•u•e•rus [[t]əˌhæz yuˈɪər əs, əˌhæs [/t]] n. bib jud a king of ancient Persia, usu. identified as Xerxes I: husband of Esther …   From formal English to slang

  • Ahasuerus — /əhæzjʊˈɪərəs/ (say uhhazyoo earruhs) noun Bible a king of Persia (known by the Greeks as Xerxes), husband of Esther. Book of Esther; Ezra 4:6 …   Australian English dictionary


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